- Gastegundir og búnaður
- Búnaður fyrir fiskeldi
- Búnaður fyrir suðu og skurð
- Daglegt líf
- Fljótandi gastegundir
- Fljótandi jarðgas
- Frysting matvæla
- Gastegundir andrúmslofts
- Gastegundir fyrir suðu og skurð
- Háhreinar gastegundir og búnaður
- Hönnun og verkfræði
- Íðefni á hylkjum
- Köfnunarefni í hjólbarða
- Medical Equipment
- Medicinal Gases
- Rafeindagastegundir og íðefni
Natural gas is the world’s third most important energy source after oil and coal. It occurs naturally deep underneath the earth’s crust in many places around the world. Natural gas currently represents a quarter of the global energy supply.
Natural gas is used in industry, in power plants, in district heating and in sea and overland transport. Throughout Europe, natural gas has traditionally been regarded as a form of green energy.
There are many reasons to take an interest in natural gas. It has major advantages over other fossil-based energy sources – not least the fact that natural gas gives off fewer undesirable emissions. But also because natural gas is more efficient and kinder to the environment than the other fossil fuels which are currently used in industry, shipping and overland transport.
Natural gas is converted to LNG by harnessing innovative cryogenic technologies that make it available both for worldwide transport as well as for local markets. This conversion can also contribute to increased use of biogas. The conversion of natural gas into liquid is achieved through refrigeration by cooling natural gas to -162°C.
The resulting condensate is known as Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). Liquefaction reduces the volume by about 600 times, making it more economical to transport between continents in specially designed LNG carriers. Liquefied natural gas, or LNG, is natural gas in its liquid form. It is the cleanest burning fossil fuel as it produces less emissions and pollutants than either coal or oil.